We are an interdisciplinary research team that includes historians, sociologists, psychologists, epidemiologists, and statisticians who bring together expertise in historical and contemporary racial violence and control, air pollution and environmental justice, epigenomics, and population health to study the link between cultural and structural racism and population health inequities. We bring together critical theories on cultural and structural racism from the humanities and innovative potential biological mechanisms from the bench and medical sciences to better understand the root causes of racial inequities in population health.